Factor Energy presents the report: PV/Battery waste management in the context of rural electrification
14 December 2016 | Energy
The presentation of the report took place at the beginning of December in Mali. The report carried out by Factor Energy in the framework of the project: "Access to Renewable Energy Services in Kita" carried out by PLAN International, the Energy Foundation without Frontiers (ESF), the Energy Agency Renewables of Mali (AER-Mali) and the Malian NGO CAEB to supply 30 communities in Mali with modern energy services. With this report, Factor Energy supported EsF and AER-Mali in their reflections on the proper waste management of photovoltaic solar energy projects in Mali.
While there are not international experiences on rural electrification programs with a fully-fledged waste management system in place and working properly, some lessons learned and best practices on waste management could be applied to PV systems for rural electrification:
- First pillar of any waste strategy is prevention. The inclusion of quality standards all along the value chain, and in particular to producers, will better protect people and the environment, and will extend the life of panels and batteries reducing the waste.
- Formulate specific regulation for PV panels within the legislation on waste of electrical and electronic equipment.
- Formulate waste management guidelines for the rural electrification program.
- Establish a prequalification system for organizations willing to participate in the rural electrification program. To qualify for the rural electrification program staff from the organizations will have to follow training in, among other topics, waste management.
- Establish a buy-back mechanism, particularly for batteries, by introducing financial incentives/ rewards for households to return expired batteries to the prequalified organization rather than to informal smelters.
- Carefully consider the possible roles of the informal collection and dismantling sectors before establishing a parallel system in competition to these structures.
- To finance the buy-back mechanism, establish an extended producer responsibility system for entities that import, produce and/ or market PV panels and batteries.
Maryse Labriet, consultant for EsF who presented the report during the workshop, explains that the subject is of great interest in Mali and that in the light of the workshop it was decided to foster a national committee to deepen the strategies to implement. The recommendations included in the Factor Energy report form a very useful basis for reflection for the committee and for any institution interested in starting responsible management of batteries and photovoltaic panels.
The preparation of the report was supported by the Clean Energy Solutions Center (ask-an-expert) program.
Here is the link to the report:
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