Climate and Energy Action Plans, a firm step towards sustainability in Navarra

30 June 2021


Factor as a consultancy team in the project "Elaboration of the Action Plans for Climate and Sustainable Energy (PACES) of the Navarrese municipalities adhered to the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy".

The main objective of this project is the elaboration of Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plans for 2020-2030 for 154 municipalities adhering to the Covenant, which have been separated into six different groups.

In addition, Factor's consultancy team will elaborate and analyse a series of measures that will help to fulfil the objectives established by the EU for 2030. That is to say, in the field of mitigation, the measures will focus on the reduction of at least 40 % of CO2eq emissions in the territorial scope with respect to the base year, 2005 in the sectors:

  • Municipal: buildings, equipment and facilities, public lighting and municipal fleet.
  • Residential; mainly housing.
  • Household waste.

The adaptation goals will consist in the evaluation of possible evidence of climate change at the municipal level, assessment of possible risks and vulnerabilities according to the scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which will lead to the elaboration of a local adaptation strategy for the municipalities adhering to the Covenant through the identification of priority action measures and their economic evaluation.

All of this will be made compatible by dynamising a participation process, and communication and diffusion of the project and the Plan.


Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy

In 2009 in the European Parliament, more than 350 cities across Europe committed themselves, by signing the Covenant of Mayors, to go beyond the EU's energy target of a 20 % reduction in CO2 emissions by 2020. With this initiative of the European Commission in collaboration with the Committee of the Regions, representatives of more than 60 million citizens sought to work together to develop action plans and direct investments towards mitigating the effects of climate change.

Building on the success of the Covenant of Mayors, the Mayors Adapt initiative was launched in 2014, based on the same governance model, inviting cities to make political commitments and take action to anticipate the inevitable effects of climate change.

The Covenant of Mayors and Mayors Adapt initiatives are movements involving more than 6000 cities voluntarily committing to climate action.

At the end of 2015, the two initiatives were merged into the new Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, which embraced the EU's 2030 targets and adopted a comprehensive approach to climate change mitigation and adaptation.

The Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy brings together thousands of local and regional authorities who have made a voluntary commitment to implement the EU's climate and energy targets in their own municipal and territorial planning.

Since 2016, the signatories of the Covenant have committed themselves to include not only the mitigation approach in their plans but also climate change adaptation and monitoring. In addition, the CO2 emission reduction target that municipalities will have to assume by 2030 has been increased to 40 %, in correlation with the EU targets.

The main requirements set out are as follows:

  • The municipal council or equivalent body must approve the action plan.
  • The action plan must clearly indicate mitigation and resilience-building commitments.
  • The mitigation action plan should be based on the results of a comprehensive Baseline Emission Inventory (BEI) and the adaptation action plan on a Climate Change Risk and Vulnerability Assessment.
  • Regarding the sectors involved in the mitigation part, the action plan should include the key activity sectors (Municipal, tertiary, residential and transport); the Baseline Emission Inventory at least three key sectors and the mitigation actions at least two.
  • Monitoring reports shall be submitted on a biennial basis and at least three implemented or on-going actions shall be presented as Benchmarks of Excellence. Only the monitoring emission inventory may be carried out every 4 years.


Source: Factor


Factor Ideas for change

Factor has more than 15 years of experience offering technical consulting services in the areas of climate change adaptation and mitigation, carbon footprint analysis, sustainability, circular economy, renewable energy and carbon markets, amongst other things, undertaken on behalf of governments and international organizations, as well as for over 400 companies, with more than 1,100 projects undertaken within 40+ countries.